Born in Paris, Serge Mouille's parents, a policeman and a seamstress, were disappointed by his decision, at the age of 13, to enroll in the School of Applied Arts' silver workshop. The youngest student there, he embraced metallurgy and silversmithing - and was so gifted at the trade, he started teaching at 25. After getting his degree, he worked for a few different companies and apprenticed under Gabriel Lacroix before starting his own workshop.
In 1953, Mouille introduced his first lighting design, the ThreeArm Floor Lamp. Drawing on his intimate knowledge of metals, as well as his interest in musculature and skeletons, the ThreeArm Lamp was both minimal and organic in form. The shape of the shades was inspired by one of his favorite things - the female form. "Lamps are there to be touched," said the designer. Though his logic might be somewhat suspect, the design was anything but. The ThreeArm Lamp has gone on to become an icon of modern design, originals fetching as much as six figures at auction.
In 1956, gallery owner Steph Simon began showing Mouille's work - all of which he handcrafted himself - alongside pieces by Charlotte Perriand, Isamu Noguchi and Jean Prouvé. It was around this time that Hollywood icon Henry Fonda literally showed up on Mouille's doorstep. Refusing to leave until Mouille made him a lamp (the Frenchman had no idea who this Mr. Fonda even was), the designer relented. Fonda then received the first Mouille lamp to hit U.S. shores.
In 1962, Mouille introduced his Colonnes Collection, a distinct break from the functional lighting he had become famous for. Using the newest in lighting technology - the fluorescent tube - his "columns" of light were more artistically motivated and were not as well received. A potential partnership with Knoll fell through due to Florence Knoll's opposition and Mouille retreated from lighting design, returning instead to his first love, silversmithing. By 1964 he had ceased production of his lights and spent his remaining years teaching at the School of Applied Arts and designing jewelry.